Ways to create a waterproof home

To activity to prevent the ingression of water is known as waterproofing, which can be done in a lot of ways depending on your requirements. The process of waterproofing is something that is practiced for a very long time, and since then a lot of changes have been done in this methodology which differs for different architectural designs and the availability of the required materials.

There was a time when waterproofing was done by placing mud or lime mortar in such a way that the water does not get collected on roofs and flows down easily. With changing times, the present-day methodology uses a blend of a lot of compatible materials to prevent water from entering inside. Still, at some places, old conventional methods are used and at some places, modern construction is being only taken into consideration. Some of the techniques are given as follows

1. Box-type waterproofing system –

The box-type waterproofing system is used to prevent the leakages of subsoil water, so it is only eligible for basements or structures that are below the ground level. In this process, large slabs of limestone are laid in the excavated pit over the concrete. The joints of these slabs are filled with rich mortar that is mixed with several waterproofing compounds.

2. Polyurethane based waterproofing treatment –

This process involves the usage of two liquid components, one of them is called the base component which is a polyol, and the other is called reactor or the curing agent which is an isocyanide. The mixtures of these two components result in the formation of liquid that is used as a rigid membrane in walls. In some areas of construction, this method may fail due to the extensive thermal expansion of concrete.

3. Bituminous treatment –

The bituminous method is a very effective way of waterproofing for basements from outside of it. It has been a successful conventional method and so is used more commonly. It is used in the form of a flexible membrane that is made by sandwiching the fiber glass mats with bitumen that is chemically modified. These membranes are then put on the roofing over the bitumen primer. Bitumen is a more economical product as compared to others available for waterproofing.

4. Brick bat coba system or lime terracing –

This system has been popular with multistoried buildings since the time of British rule. It is preferred as it provides weather proofing abilities also along with waterproofing qualities. It involves layering of lightweight mortar on the roof and then spreading in a way to give it a slope-like structure to drain the rainwater. This method is efficient in keeping the interiors cool, but at times may cause leakage due to an excessive amount of water.

5. Metallic sheet wrapping –

The use of the metallic sheet wrapping method is a complex method that involves the wrapping of concrete surfaces with thin copper foils and aluminum foils. This method was discovered before the discovery of poly-sulphides. But as the metal market slumped, this method was discouraged in some projects.

Water leakages can happen at any of the places like in the basement, bathrooms, balconies, roofs, water tanks, etc. It is better to take precautions beforehand as leakages can cause dampness and cause the growth of molds, microbes, and other harmful organisms. These can even lead to asthma, allergy, and other health issues. Therefore, never forget to waterproof your walls well to prevent unwanted damage and have a strong foundation for your house or building.

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